Understanding Asphalt Shingles: Your Essential Guide

Understanding Asphalt Shingles: Your Essential Guide

Published On: June 11th, 2024Categories: roofing

Asphalt shingles are a cornerstone in modern roofing, offering a blend of affordability, durability, and aesthetic appeal. MaxForce Roofing and Siding LLC, based in Columbus, OH, brings you this comprehensive guide to understanding asphalt shingles, ensuring you make an informed decision for your roofing needs.

Composition of Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are primarily composed of a base material, either organic felt or fiberglass, coated with asphalt. The organic felt is made from cellulose fibers, such as wood or paper, while the fiberglass base offers enhanced strength and fire resistance. The asphalt coating, enriched with mineral granules, provides waterproofing and UV protection, contributing to the shingle’s durability and color.

Types of Asphalt Shingles

Three-Tab Shingles: These are the most common and economical option, characterized by a flat appearance and a single layer of material.

Dimensional Shingles: Also known as architectural or laminate shingles, these are multi-layered, offering a richer, more varied appearance and longer lifespan.

Luxury Shingles: The highest quality of asphalt shingles, these mimic the look of natural slate or cedar shakes and offer superior durability and weather resistance.

Benefits of Asphalt Shingles

Versatility: Asphalt shingles come in various colors, styles, and textures, making them suitable for a wide range of architectural styles.

Affordability: Compared to other roofing materials, asphalt shingles are cost-effective, both in terms of initial investment and long-term maintenance.

Durability: Quality asphalt shingles can last between 20 to 30 years, withstanding various weather conditions like wind, rain, and moderate hail.

Ease of Installation and Repair: Asphalt shingles are relatively easy to install and repair, making them a practical choice for many homeowners.

Energy Efficiency: Certain asphalt shingles are designed to reflect solar heat, reducing cooling costs in warmer climates.

Installation Considerations

Proper Ventilation: Adequate attic ventilation is crucial to prevent heat and moisture buildup, which can damage the shingles over time.

Underlayment: A high-quality underlayment is essential for additional protection against leaks.

Professional Installation: Expert installation by a reputable contractor like MaxForce Roofing and Siding LLC ensures longevity and performance of the shingles.

Maintenance and Care

Regular maintenance can significantly extend the life of asphalt shingles. This includes:

Regular Inspections: Check for cracked, curled, or missing shingles, especially after severe weather.

Gutter Cleaning: Keep gutters and downspouts clear to prevent water buildup.

Moss and Algae Prevention: Use zinc or copper strips to inhibit growth, and clean the roof as needed.

Environmental Considerations

Asphalt shingles are recyclable, and many manufacturers now use recycled materials in their production. Choosing shingles with recycled content contributes to environmental sustainability.


Asphalt shingles offer a harmonious balance of cost, appearance, and durability, making them an excellent choice for residential roofing. By understanding their types, benefits, and maintenance requirements, homeowners can ensure a long-lasting, beautiful roof that enhances their home’s overall appeal.